Inflammatory Response in Cardiovascular Surgery

  • Kaan KayaEmail author


Inflammation can be described as a complex biochemical response of the body to remove the injurious stimuli and to initiate the healing process. It is known that cardiac surgery and cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) initiate a systemic inflammatory response syndrome affecting the whole body. This inflammatory reaction may cause postoperative complications, including myocardial dysfunction, lung problems, renal and neurologic dysfunction, bleeding/clotting disorders, liver dysfunction, and multiple organ failure. The magnitude of the inflammatory reaction varies from patient to patient. The inflammatory response is related to the secretion of a large number of mediators and activation of complex body defense systems, including cytokines, vasoactive amines, proteases, reactive oxygen radicals, and the blood cells. Although the inflammatory response itself is a defense mechanism, it is responsible for all cardiovascular and other problems by activating complex body defense systems.


Complement System Sodium Nitroprusside Extracorporeal Circulation Pulmonary Sequestration Extracorporeal Circuit 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Division of Cardiovascular SurgeryKavaklidere Umut HospitalAnkaraTurkey

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