Thyroid Hormones and Cardiovascular Surgery

  • Edmo Atique GabrielEmail author
  • Sthefano Atique Gabriel


At some point, it seems to be incompatible to correlate ­thyroid hormones with cardiovascular surgery. Furthermore, it is unusual to think about thyroid function when surgeons are performing any kind of cardiovascular surgery [1, 2].


Thyroid Hormone Cardiopulmonary Bypass Heart Surgery Cardiovascular Surgery Thyroid Hormone Level 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edmo Atique Gabriel
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sthefano Atique Gabriel
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Cardiovascular SurgeryUniversity Nove de JulhoSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Vascular SurgeryPontifical Catholic University of CampinasSão PauloBrazil
  3. 3.Department of Vascular SurgeryCelso Pierro Hospital and MaternityCampinas, São PauloBrazil

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