Immunological Mechanisms of Inflammation

  • Nilo José Coêlho Duarte
  • Cyro Alves de Brito
  • Alberto José da Silva Duarte


Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of death worldwide. The World Health Organization has estimated that around 17.3 million people died from CVD in 2008, representing 30 % of all global deaths. Of these deaths, an estimated 7.3 million were due to coronary heart disease and 6.2 million to stroke [1].


Natural Killer Cell Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting Innate Immunity Surgical Site Infection Adaptive Immune Response 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nilo José Coêlho Duarte
    • 1
    • 2
  • Cyro Alves de Brito
    • 3
  • Alberto José da Silva Duarte
    • 1
    • 4
    • 2
    • 5
  1. 1.Clinical LaboratoryHospital do CoraçãoSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Central Laboratory of Hospital das Clínicas, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  3. 3.Center of ImmunologyAdolfo Lutz InstituteSão PauloBrazil
  4. 4.Faculty of MedicineUniversity of São PauloSão PauloBrazil
  5. 5.Laboratory of Medical Investigation Unit 56, Faculty of MedicineUniversity of São PauloSão PauloBrazil

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