Tips for Open Renal Surgery
In this chapter, we will give some examples of surgical tricks which will be useful during open renal surgery. The informations provided below are derived from personal experiences of highly proficient open kidney surgeons and some of them are even non-existent in current surgical textbooks. Such invaluable feedbacks may not be possible to gain during standard residency training or during real-time O.R. mentoring. Some of the tricks are further supplemented with figures in order to augment the comprehensive nature of the information provided.