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Clays and Clay Minerals as Layered Nanofillers for (Bio)Polymers

  • Faïza Bergaya
  • Maguy Jaber
  • Jean-François Lambert
Chapter
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)

Abstract

This introductory chapter presents the most relevant structural, physical, and chemical properties of clay minerals for the formation of nanocomposites with polymers. The general principles of silicates classification are outlined in order to better understand the structures of the various types of clay minerals as phyllosilicates. Cation exchange capacity (CEC), surface area, porosity, and rheological properties of clay minerals are briefly discussed. The physico-chemical properties of clay mineral layers, including the reactivity at the edges surfaces, are introduced together with their consequences for the various mechanisms of clay-polymer interactions. The chapter closes on a brief presentation of synthetic clay minerals and a general introduction to clay polymer nanocomposites.

Keywords

Clay Mineral Cation Exchange Capacity Interlayer Space Octahedral Sheet Tetrahedral Sheet 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Faïza Bergaya
    • 1
  • Maguy Jaber
    • 2
  • Jean-François Lambert
    • 2
  1. 1.Centre de Recherche sur la Matière Divisée (CRMD) UMR 6619 CNRSUniversité d’OrléansOrléans Cedex 02France
  2. 2.Laboratoire de Réactivité de Surface (LRS) UMR 7197 CNRSUniversity Paris 6Paris Cedex 05France

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