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Malnutrition and Lung Host Defenses: Implications for the Pathogenesis and Prevention of Pneumonia

  • M. S. Niederman
Part of the Current Topics in Rehabilitation book series (CURRENT REHAB)

Abstract

The role of nutritional impairment in promoting respiratory infection has been recognized for many years, but only recently have some of the mechanisms of malnutrition-induced respiratory host defense failure been clarified. Malnutrition has multiple influences on the lung’s ability to resist invading pathogens and these alterations in lung defenses lead to three clinical consequences: an increased incidence of lung infections, a more virulent and prolonged bout of infection than is usually seen, and a more subtle clinical presentation of pneumonia than is typical of well-nourished individuals.10

Keywords

Alveolar Macrophage Enteral Feeding Prognostic Nutritional Index Nutritional Therapy Total Lymphocyte Count 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. S. Niederman
    • 1
  1. 1.Medical and Respiratory Intensive Care UnitWinthrop-University Hospital SUNYStony BrookUSA

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