It is generally necessary to anaesthetise children under 10–12 years of age as this is the only way to assure apnoea during the injections. This is even more important when using digital subtraction angiography (DSA). The puncture of small vessels also necessitates complete immobility of the child.
KeywordsFemoral Artery Inferior Vena Cava Aortic Valve Stenosis Venous Reflux Catheter Needle
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