Diseases of the Aorta

  • Michael Y. Henein
  • Mary Sheppard
  • John Pepper
  • Michael Rigby


For a discussion of congenitally small aortic root please refer to the aortic valve disease chapter 2.


Aortic Valve Aortic Aneurysm Aortic Stenosis Infective Endocarditis Aortic Dissection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Erbel R, Engberding R, Daniel W, et al. Echocardiography in diagnosis of aortic dissection. Lancet 1989; 1: 457–461.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Harris PD, Bowman FO Jr, Malm JR. The management of acute dissections of the thoracic aorta. Am Heart J 1969; 78: 419–422.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Nienaber CA, von Kodolitsch Y, Nicolas V, et al. The diagnosis of thoracic aortic dissection by noninvasive imaging procedures. N Engl J Med 1993; 328: 1–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bansal RC, Chandrasekaran K, Ayala K, Smith DC. Frequency and explanation of false negative diagnosis of aortic dissection using aortography and transesophageal echocardiography. J Am Cell Cardiol. 1995; 25: 1393–401.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Khandheria BK, Tajik AJ, Taylor CL, et al. Aortic dissection: review of value and limitations of two-dimensional echocardiography in a six-year experience. J Am Soc Echocardiogr 1989; 2: 17–24.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kotler MN. Is transesophageal echocardiography the new standard for diagnosing dissecting aortic aneurysms? J Am Coll Cardiol 1989; 14: 1263–1265.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Chia BL, Yan PC, Ee BK,et al. Two-dimensional echocardiography and Doppler color flow abnormalities in aortic root dissection. Am HeartJ 1988; 116 (1 Pt 1): 192–194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Iliceto S, Nanda NC, Rizzon P, et al. Color Doppler evaluation of aortic dissection. Circulation 1987; 75: 748–755.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Karalis DG, Chandrasekaran K, Victor MF, et al. Recognition and embolic potential of intraaortic atherosclerotic debris. J Am Coll Cardiol 1991; 17: 73–78.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Tobler HG, Edwards JE. Frequency and location of atherosclerotic plaques in the ascending aorta. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1988; 96: 304–306.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Fox R, Ren JF, Panidis IP, et al. Anuloaortic ectasia: a clinical and echocardiographic study. Am J Cardiol 1984; 54: 177–181.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Pyeritz RE. Propranolol retards aortic root dilatation in the Marfan syndrome, abstracted. Circulation 1983; 68 (Suppl III): 365.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    el Habbal MH. Cardiovascular manifestations of Marfan’s syndrome in the young. Am Heart J 1992; 123: 752–757.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Rothbaum DA, Dillon JC, Chang S, et al. Echocardiographic manifestation of right sinus of Valsalva aneurysm. Circulation 1974; 49: 768–771.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Haaz WS, Kotler MN, Mintz GS, et al. Ruptured sinus of Valsalva aneurysm: diagnosis by echocardiography. Chest 1980; 78: 781–784.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Nishimura K, Hibi N, Kato T, et al. Real-time observation of ruptured right sinus of Valsalva aneurysm by high speed ultrasono-cardiotomography. Report of a case. Circulation 1976; 53: 732–735.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ellis SG, Goldstein J, Popp RL. Detection of endocarditisassociated perivalvular abscesses by two-dimensional echocardiography. JAm Coll Cardiol 1985; 5: 647–653.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Shively BK, Gurule FT, Roldan CA, et al. Diagnostic value of transesophageal compared with transthoracic echocardiography in infective endocarditis. J Am Coll Cardiol 1991; 18: 391–397.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Carvalho JS, Redington AN, Shinebourne EA, et al. Continuous wave Doppler echocardiography and coarctation of the aorta: gradients and flow patterns in the assessment of severity. Br Heart J 1990; 64: 133–137.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Houston AB, Simpson IA, Pollock JC, et al. Doppler ultrasound in the assessment of severity of coarctation of the aorta and interruption of the aortic arch. Br Heart J 1987; 57: 38–43.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Marx GR, Allen HD. Accuracy and pitfalls of Doppler evaluation of the pressure gradient in aortic coarctation. J Am Coll Cardiol 1986; 7: 1379–1385.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Choe YH, Kim DK, Koh EM, et al. Takayasu arteritis: diagnosis with MR imaging and MR angiography in acute and chronic active stages. J Magn Reson Imaging 1999; 10: 751–757.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Townend JN, Emery P, Davies MK, et al. Acute aortitis and aortic incompetence due to systemic rheumatological disorders. Int J Cardiol 1991; 33: 253–258.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Frank MW, Mehlman DJ, Tsai F, et al. Syphilitic aortitis. Circulation 1999; 100: 1582–1583.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Pugh PJ, Grech ED. Images in clinical medicine. Syphilitic aortitis. N Engl J Med 2002; 346: 676.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Fagan, A, Yacoub M, Pillai R, Radley-Smith R. Dacon replacement of the ascending aorta and sinuses with re-suspension of the aortic valve and re-implantation of the coronary arteries: a new method for treatment of aneurysmal or acute dissection of the aortic root. Proc. Joint Inter. CV and Thoracic Surgical Conference Stockholm. Scan J. Cardiothoracic Surg. 1982.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Yacoub M, Fagan A, Stauono P, Radley-Smith R. Results of valve conserving operations for aortic regurgitation. Circulation 1983; 68: 311–21.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael Y. Henein
    • 1
  • Mary Sheppard
    • 2
  • John Pepper
    • 1
  • Michael Rigby
    • 2
  1. 1.Imperial CollegeRoyal Brompton HospitalLondonUK
  2. 2.Royal Brompton HospitalLondonUK

Personalised recommendations