Intrinsically smart structural composites

  • Deborah D. L. Chung
Part of the Engineering Materials and Processes book series (EMP)

Abstract

Smart structures are important because of their relevance to hazard mitigation, structural vibration control, structural health monitoring, transportation engineering and thermal control. Research on smart structures has emphasized the incorporation of various devices in a structure for providing sensing, energy dissipation, actuation, control or other functions. Research on smart composites has emphasized the incorporation of a smart material in a matrix material for enhancing smartness or durability. Research on smart materials has emphasized the study of materials (e.g., piezoelectric materials) used for making the devices. However, relatively little attention has been given to the development of structural materials (e.g., concrete and composites) that are inherently able to provide some of the smart functions, so that the need for embedded or attached devices is reduced or eliminated, thereby lowering cost, enhancing durability, increasing the smart volume and minimizing mechanical property degradation (which usually occurs in the case of embedded devices).

Keywords

Fatigue Porosity Anisotropy Graphite Silane 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Deborah D. L. Chung
    • 1
  1. 1.Composite Materials Research Laboratory, University at BuffaloState University of New YorkBuffaloUSA

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