• Charles V. Mann


Despite early enthusiasm, and the persisting advocacy of some surgeons, cryotherapy has not established itself as a mainstream procedure for treating haemorrhoids. Therefore, the Editor does not feel justified in providing space for a detailed description of the technique, although those who wish for this information can consult the references given at the end. The early hopes (and claims) that cryotherapy is a painless and effective method for ambulant treatment of haemorrhoids have not been sustained by experience. The “best” results are obtained with a liquid nitrogen probe (Fig. 19.1).


Anal Stenosis Rubber Band Ligation Ambulant Treatment Faecal Soiling Anal Retractor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References and Further Reading

  1. Ferguson EF Jr. (1988) Alternatives in the treatment of haemorrhoidal disease. South Med J 81: 606–10PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Goh Hak-Su (1993) Management of uncomplicated haemorrhoids. In: Fielding LP, Goldberg SM (eds) Operative Surgery, Fifth Edition. Surgery of the Colon, Rectum and Anus. Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford Boston, pp 784–8Google Scholar
  3. Goligher JC (1976) Cryosurgery for haemorrhoids. Dis Colon Rectum 19: 223Google Scholar
  4. Irving AD, Walker MA (1987) Cryosurgery for haemorrhoids: six years’ review of “cured” patients. J R Coll Surg Edinb 32: 267–9PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Kaufman HD (1978) Haemorrhoids: an “outpatient package”. J R Coll Surg Edinb 23: 40–43PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Lloyd-Williams K, Haq IU, Elem B (1973) Cryodestruction of haemorrhoids. BMJ 1: 666CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. O’Connor JJ (1975) The role of cryosurgery in management of ano-rectal diseases: a study of cryosurgical techniques. Dis Colon Rectum 18: 301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Oh C (1981) One thousand cryohaemorrhoidectomies: an overview. Dis Colon Rectum 24: 613–7PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Smith LE, Goodreau JJ, Fouty WJ (1979) Operative haemorrhoidectomy versus cryodestruction. Dis Colon Rectum 22: 10PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles V. Mann

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations