Despite early enthusiasm, and the persisting advocacy of some surgeons, cryotherapy has not established itself as a mainstream procedure for treating haemorrhoids. Therefore, the Editor does not feel justified in providing space for a detailed description of the technique, although those who wish for this information can consult the references given at the end. The early hopes (and claims) that cryotherapy is a painless and effective method for ambulant treatment of haemorrhoids have not been sustained by experience. The “best” results are obtained with a liquid nitrogen probe (Fig. 19.1).
KeywordsDioxide Rubber Odour Hate
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References and Further Reading
- Goh Hak-Su (1993) Management of uncomplicated haemorrhoids. In: Fielding LP, Goldberg SM (eds) Operative Surgery, Fifth Edition. Surgery of the Colon, Rectum and Anus. Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford Boston, pp 784–8Google Scholar
- Goligher JC (1976) Cryosurgery for haemorrhoids. Dis Colon Rectum 19: 223Google Scholar