Cryotherapy

  • Charles V. Mann

Abstract

Despite early enthusiasm, and the persisting advocacy of some surgeons, cryotherapy has not established itself as a mainstream procedure for treating haemorrhoids. Therefore, the Editor does not feel justified in providing space for a detailed description of the technique, although those who wish for this information can consult the references given at the end. The early hopes (and claims) that cryotherapy is a painless and effective method for ambulant treatment of haemorrhoids have not been sustained by experience. The “best” results are obtained with a liquid nitrogen probe (Fig. 19.1).

Keywords

Dioxide Rubber Odour Hate 

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References and Further Reading

  1. Ferguson EF Jr. (1988) Alternatives in the treatment of haemorrhoidal disease. South Med J 81: 606–10PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Goh Hak-Su (1993) Management of uncomplicated haemorrhoids. In: Fielding LP, Goldberg SM (eds) Operative Surgery, Fifth Edition. Surgery of the Colon, Rectum and Anus. Butterworth-Heinemann, Oxford Boston, pp 784–8Google Scholar
  3. Goligher JC (1976) Cryosurgery for haemorrhoids. Dis Colon Rectum 19: 223Google Scholar
  4. Irving AD, Walker MA (1987) Cryosurgery for haemorrhoids: six years’ review of “cured” patients. J R Coll Surg Edinb 32: 267–9PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Kaufman HD (1978) Haemorrhoids: an “outpatient package”. J R Coll Surg Edinb 23: 40–43PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Lloyd-Williams K, Haq IU, Elem B (1973) Cryodestruction of haemorrhoids. BMJ 1: 666CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. O’Connor JJ (1975) The role of cryosurgery in management of ano-rectal diseases: a study of cryosurgical techniques. Dis Colon Rectum 18: 301CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Oh C (1981) One thousand cryohaemorrhoidectomies: an overview. Dis Colon Rectum 24: 613–7PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Smith LE, Goodreau JJ, Fouty WJ (1979) Operative haemorrhoidectomy versus cryodestruction. Dis Colon Rectum 22: 10PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles V. Mann

There are no affiliations available

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