Three of the most important elements underpinning the provision of healthcare at the beginning of the twenty-first century, and supporting the central theme of health policy in the United Kingdom, are clinical governance, evidence-based practice and clinical effectiveness. Audit contributes in some way to measuring achievement in all three.


  1. 1.
    National Health Service Executive (1998) A First Class Service: Quality in the New NHS. Department of Health, London.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    McSherry R, Haddock J (1999) Evidence-based health care: its place within clinical governance. Br J Nurs 8 (2): 113 - 17.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Muir Gray JA (1996) Evidence-based Healthcare: How to make health policy and management decisions. Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh, UK.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    NHS Centre for Reviews and Dissemination (1999) Effective Healthcare; Getting evidence into practice. NHS Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, University of York.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Malby B (1995) Clinical Audit for Nurses and Therapists. Scutari Press, London.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Continence Foundation (1996) Purchasing Continence Services; A brief guide for general practitioners. Continence Foundation, London.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    RCP (1998) Promoting Continence; Clinical audit scheme for the management of urinary and faecal incontinence. Royal College of Physicians, London.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Schumaker S, Wyman J, Hebersax J, McClish D, Fantl J (1994) Health related quality of life measures for women with urinary incontinence: the Incontinence Impact Questionnaire and the Urogenital Distress Inventory. Qual Life Res 3: 291 - 306.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Donovan J, Abrams P, Peters T et al. (1996) The ICS-BPH Study: the psychometric validity and reliability of the ICS male questionnaire. Br J Urol 177 (4): 554 - 62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    DoH (2000) Good Practice in Continence Services. Department of Health, London.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Clayton

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations