Organ Transplantation: an Historical Perspective

  • J. Andrew Bradley
  • David N. H. Hamilton
Chapter
Part of the Springer Specialist Surgery Series book series (SPECIALIST)

Abstract

Attempts at tissue transplantation have been recorded over the centuries, often in graphic detail. The earliest reports of transplantation in humans included several miracles. One of the best known examples is the thirteenth century story of Cosmas and Damian [11 (Fig. 1.1). They were Christian Arab saints who were martyred around AD 300 and were reputed to have successfully replaced the diseased leg of a sexton with that from a Moor who had died several days earlier. The use of autologous tissue transplants as a method for restoring mutilation of the nose dates back to an even earlier period. The practice originated in India and was modified to great effect in Europe by, amongst others, the sixteenth century plastic surgeon Gaspare Tagliacozzi [2]. Other early transplanters had more unrealistic achievements in mind such as the Frenchman Serge Voronoff who at the beginning of the century popularized the transplantation of monkey testis into man, in the mistaken belief that the procedure would stave off age-related deterioration in physical and mental agility [3].

Keywords

Europe Income Cyclosporine Streptomyces Prednisone 

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Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Andrew Bradley
  • David N. H. Hamilton

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