Clinical Features of Hypermobility (Locomotor System and Extra-articular)
The majority of persons with lax ligaments and loose joints suffer no articular problems. For them hypermobility is a positive attribute which enables enhanced participation in a wide variety of physical activities (see Chap. 8). However not all are so fortunate, and some experience locomotor problems as a direct result of their laxity. When symptoms result, the term ‘hypermobility syndrome’ is applied (Kirk et al. 1967). It must be emphasised that this designation is non-specific and in this context it does not denote any precise disease entity. The spectrum of rheumatic complications in the hypermobility syndrome is wide and, in most cases, the pathogenesis of the presenting lesion is directly related to the articular laxity.
KeywordsCarpal Tunnel Syndrome Osteogenesis Imperfecta Mitral Valve Prolapse Joint Laxity Joint Hypermobility
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Locomotor System Complications
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