Strategies for the Isolation and Characterisation of Functional Probiotics

  • P. L. Conway
  • A. Henriksson
Part of the Springer Series in Applied Biology book series (SSAPPL.BIOLOGY)

Abstract

The age-old concept of using a range of specific microorganisms for therapeutic purposes in man has been applied to clinical conditions involving many organs e.g. the gastrointestinal tract, oro-pharyngeal region, pulmonary disturbances, vaginal and urinary tract infections. In a review of the use of microorganisms in therapy, Florey (1946) cites the work of Cantani published in 1885 as the first reported human study. In this case, an organism considered to be harmless was administered to a tuberculosis patient. Metchnikoff (1907) proposed a prophylactic benefit from both nurturing the indigenous lactobacilli of the gastrointestinal tract by attention to the diet, as well as from ingesting milk fermented with lactobacilli. Subsequently, most attention has focussed on lactic acid bacteria as being potentially beneficial.

Keywords

Cholesterol Fermentation Assimilation Microbe Lactose 

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References

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© Springer-Verlag London Limited 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. L. Conway
  • A. Henriksson

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