Diagnosis of Pregnancy

  • Isabel Stabile
  • Tim Chard
  • Gedis Grudzinskas


The symptoms of early pregnancy are: (a) amenorrhoea (but some irregular bleeding may occur from the decidua parietalis); (b) nausea and vomiting; (c) breast enlargement, with tingling and irritability (from 6 weeks); (d) darkening of the areola (from 8 weeks); (e) frequency of micturition; (f) other symptoms including tiredness (the most common), excess salivation, pica and mild euphoria.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Isabel Stabile
    • 1
  • Tim Chard
    • 2
  • Gedis Grudzinskas
    • 3
  1. 1.Center for Prevention and Early Intervention PolicyThe Florida State UniversityTallahasseeUSA
  2. 2.Department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Reproductive PhysiologySt. Bartholomew’s Hospital Medical CollegeLondonUK
  3. 3.Academic Unit of Obstetrics and GynaecologyThe Royal London HospitalLondonUK

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