A large number of infectious agents have been identified in the nose, including bacteria, viruses, fungi and protozoa. The relationship of the infecting agents to pathological changes may be summarized under three headings:
  1. a)


  2. b)


  3. c)

    Association with local inflammatory change



Paranasal Sinus Nasal Mucosa Inferior Turbinate Middle Turbinate Maxillary Antrum 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Michaels
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Pathology and BacteriologyInstitute of Laryngology and Otology (University of London)LondonEngland
  2. 2.Royal National Throat, Nose and Ear HospitalLondonEngland

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