Advertisement

Abstract

Although it was the workers from the Mount Sinai Hospital in New York who put the disease that we now call Crohn’s disease on the medical map, others had clearly recognised its occurrence as a distinct disease entity for at least a century before the most quoted paper of Crohn et al. (1932). Historical surveys have revealed descriptions of apparent cases of Crohn’s disease going back as far as Morgagni in 1769. In 1813 Coombe and Saunders reported the clinical history and autopsy finding in a young man who died of intestinal obstruction after many years of abdominal pain; the distal ileum was described as thickened and narrowed. In 1828 Abercrombie described a similar case and, according to Kirsner (1991), later in the same century, Moore in 1882 and Fenwick in 1889 produced further single case reports. Fenwick’s patient was a young female who had an intestinal fistula complicating a stenosis.

Keywords

Inflammatory Bowel Disease Ulcerative Colitis Mount Sinai Hospital Continent Ileostomy Terminal Ileitis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abercombie J (1828) Pathological and practical reseraches on disease of the stomach, the intestinal canal, the liver and other viscera of the abdomen. Waugh and Innes, EdinburghGoogle Scholar
  2. Alexander-Williams J (1972) Surgery and the management of Crohn’s disease. Clin Gastroenterol 1: 469Google Scholar
  3. Allan R, Steinberg DM, Alexander-Williams J, Cooke WT (1977) Crohn’s disease involving the colon: an audit of clinical management. Gastroenterology 73:723-Google Scholar
  4. Allchin WH (1885) Case of acute extensive ulceration of the colon. Trans Pathol Soc Lond 37: 199–202Google Scholar
  5. Atherton DJ, Massam M, Wells RS, Harries JT, Pincott TR (1978) Genital Crohn’s disease in a 6-year-old boy. Br Med J iv:552Google Scholar
  6. Aylett SO (1960) Diffuse ulcerative colitis and its treatment by ileorectal anastomosis. Ann R Coll Surg Engl 27: 260–265PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Aylett SO (1966) Three hundred cases of diffuse ulcerative colitis treatment by total colectomy and ileorectal anastomosis. Br Med J i:1001–1005Google Scholar
  8. Aylett SO Ileorectal anastomosis: review 1952 (1968). Proc R Soc Med 64:967–971Google Scholar
  9. Baker WNW, Glass RE. Ritchie JK, Aylett SO (1978) Cancer o the rectum following colectomy and ileorectal anastomosis for ulcerative colitis. Br J Surg 65: 862–868PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Bartstra DS, Kooreman PJ (1939) Peculiar localisation of so-called regional ileitis. Ned Tijdschr v Gen 83: 2069–2072Google Scholar
  11. Basu MK, Asquith P (1980) Oral manifestation of inflam- matory bowel disease. Clin Gastroenterol 65: 390–397Google Scholar
  12. Best RR (1948) Anastomosis of the ileum to the lower part of the rectum and anus. A reporrt on experience with ileorectostomy and ileoproctostomy with special reference to polyposis. Arch Surg 57: 276–285PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Brooke BN (1952) The management of an ileostomy including its complications. Lancet ii:102–104Google Scholar
  14. Brooke BN (1954) Ulcerative colitis and its surgical treatment. Livingstone, EdinburghGoogle Scholar
  15. Brooke BN, Cave Dr, Kind DW (1976) Place of azathioprine for Crohn’s disease. Lancet i:1041–1042Google Scholar
  16. Brown JY (1913) The value of complete physiological rest of the large bowel in the treatment of obstructive lesions of this organ, with description of operative technique and report of cases. Surg Gynecol Obstet 16: 610–613Google Scholar
  17. Colp R (1934) Case of nonspecific granuloma of terminal ileum and cecum. Surg Clin North Am 14: 443–449Google Scholar
  18. Coombe C, Saunders W (1813) A singular case of stricture and thickening of the ileum. Med Trans Coll Physicians Lond 4: 16–18Google Scholar
  19. Croft CB, Wilkinson AR (1972) Ulceration of the mouth, pharynx and larynx in Crohn’s disease of the intestine. Br J Surg 59: 249–252PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Crohn BB, Ginsberg L, Oppenheimer GD (1932) Regional ileitis: a pathologic and clinical entity. JAMA 99: 1323–1329CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Crohn BB, Rosenak BD (1936) A combined form of ileitis and colitis. JAMA 106: 1CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Dalziel TK (1913) Chronic interstitial enteritis. Br Med J ii:1068–1070Google Scholar
  23. Dennis C (1945) Ileostomy and colectomy in chronic ulcerative colitis. Surgery 18: 435–452Google Scholar
  24. Devine J, Webb R (1951) Resection of the rectal mucosa; colectomy and anal ileostomy with normal continence. Surg Gynecol Obstet 92: 437–442PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Fielding J (1985) Inflammatory bowel disease. Br Med J 290: 47–48CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Fonkalsrud EW, Ament ME (1978) Endorectal mucosal resection without protocolectomy as an adjunct for abdominoperineal resection for non-malignant conditions: clinical experience with five patients. Ann Surg 188: 245–248PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Garlock JH, Crohn BB (1945) An appraisal of the results of surgery in treatment of regional ileitis. JAMA 127: 205–211CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Gitnick G (1991) Inflammatory bowel disease: diagnosis and treatment. Igaku-Shoin, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  29. Glotzer PG, Phil BG (1969) Preservation of continence after mucosal graft in the rectum and its feasibility in man. Am J Surg 117: 403–409PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Goligher JC (1951) The functional results after sphincter-saving resection of the rectum. Ann R Coll Surg Engl 8: 421–439PubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Greenstein AJ, Kark AE, Dreiling DA (1974) Crohn’s disease of the colon. I. Fistula in Crohn’s disease of the colon, classification presenting features and management in 63 patients. Am J Gastroenterol 62: 419PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Greenstein AJ, Sachar D, Pucillo A (1978) Cancer in Crohn’s disease after diversionary surgery. A report of seven carcinomas occurring in excluded bowel. Am J Surg 135: 86–90PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Harris FI, Bell GH, Brunn H (1933) Chronic cicatrizing enteritis. Surg Gynecol Obstet 57: 637–645Google Scholar
  34. Hawkins CFH (1990) Historical review. In Allan RN, Keighley MRB, Alexander-Williams J, Hawkins CF (eds) Inflammatory bowel diseases. Churchill Livingstone, EdinburghGoogle Scholar
  35. Hawkins HP (1909) Natural history of ulcerative colitis and its bearing on treatment. Br Med J i:765–770Google Scholar
  36. Janowitz HD (1985) Inflammatory bowel disease. A personal view. Field, Rich and Associates, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  37. Jones PF, Munro A, Ewen SWB (1977) Colectomy and ileo-rectal anastomosis for ulcerative colitis: report on a personal series with a critical review. Br J Surg 64: 615–623PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Kirsner JB (1991) Historical aspects in inflammatory bowel disease. J Clin Gastroenterol 10: 286–297CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Koch NG (1969) Intra-abdominal reservoir in patients with permanent ileostomy. Arch Surg 99: 223–231CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Krause KU, Bergman L, Norlen BJ (1971) Crohn’s disease, a clinical study based on 186 patients. Scand J Gastroenterol 6: 97–108PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Lennard-Jones JE. Corticosteroids and immunosuppressive drugs in inflammatory bowel disease. In: Allan RN, Keighley MRB, Alexander-Williams J, Hawkins CF (eds) Inflammatory bowel diseases. Churchill Livingstone, EdinburghGoogle Scholar
  42. Lesniowski A (1904) Towarzystwa lekarskiego II; 630Google Scholar
  43. Lightdale CJ, Sternberg SS, Psner G, Sherlock P (1975) Carcinoma complicating Crohn’s disease. Report of seven cases and review of the literature. Am J Med 59: 262–268Google Scholar
  44. Lockhart-Mummery JP (1909) In discussion on ulcerative colits. Proc R Soc (Medical Section) 2: 92Google Scholar
  45. Mayo-Robson AW (1908) Some abdominal tumours simulating malignant disease and their teatment. Br Med J i:425Google Scholar
  46. Morgagni JB (1769) De sedibu et causis morborum. Remondini, VeniceGoogle Scholar
  47. Mountain JC (1970) Cutaneous ulceration in Crohn’s disease. Gut 11: 18PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Moynihan BGA (1907) The mimicry of malignant disease in the large intestine. Edin Med J 21: 228Google Scholar
  49. Murray CD (1930) Psychogenic factors in etiology of ulcerative colitis and bloody diarrhoea. Am J Med Ser 180: 239–248CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Nuboer FJ (1932) Chronische phlegnone van hit ileum. Ned T Geneesk 76: 29–89Google Scholar
  51. Parks AG, Nicholls RJ (1978) Proctocolectomy without ileostomy for ulcerative colitis. Br Med J ii:85–88Google Scholar
  52. Peck PA, Allenbeck GA (1964) Fecal continence in the dog after replacement of rectal mucosa with ileal mucosa. Surg Gynecol Obstet 119: 1312–1317.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  53. Phillips RKS, Glazer G (1981) Metastatic Crohn’s disease of the umbilicus. Br Med J 283: 287CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Present DH (1983) Crohn’s disease; extraintestinal manifestations. Mount Sinai J Med 50: 126–132Google Scholar
  55. Ravitch MM (1948) Anal ileostomy with sphincter preservation in patients requiring total colectomy for benign conditions. Surgery 24: 170–187PubMedGoogle Scholar
  56. Royal Society of Medicine (1909) Symposium on ulcerative colitis. Proc R Soc Med 2: 59–156Google Scholar
  57. Sculley C. Cochran KM, Russell RI et al. (1982) Crohn’s disease of the mouth: an indicator of intestinal involvement. Gut 23: 198CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Schneider S (1955) Anal ileostomy: experiences with a new three-stage procedure. Arch Surg 70: 539–544CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Strauss AA, Strauss SF (1944) Surgical treatment of ulcerative colitis. Surg Clin North Am 24: 211–224Google Scholar
  60. Utsunomiya J (1986) In; Symposium on restorative proctocolectomy for ileal reservoir. Int J Colorectal Dis 1: 2–19PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Valiente MA, Bacon HE (1955) Construction of a pouch using ‘pantaloon’ technique for pullthrough of ileum following total colectomy. Am J Surg 90: 742–750PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. van Coevorden F (1989) Surgical aspects of Crohn’s disease. Amsterdam Doctorate ThesisGoogle Scholar
  63. Wangensteen OH (1943) Primary resection (closed anastomosis) of the colon and rectosigmoid. Surgery 14: 403–432Google Scholar
  64. Wilks S, Moxon W (1875) Lectures on pathological anatomy, 2nd edn. Lindsay and Blakiston, Philadelphia, pp 408–409Google Scholar
  65. Williams NS, Johnston D (1985) The current status of mucosal proctectomy and ileo-anal anastomosis in the surgical treatment of ulcerative colitis and adenomatous polyposis. Br J Surg 72: 159–168PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Alexander-Williams

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations