Infertility and AIDS

  • J. P. P. Tyler
  • J. A. Crittenden


Until April 1985, when a recipient of donor semen presented with symptomless lymphadenopathy at the Westmead Hospital in Sydney, AIDS and infertility were regarded as separate fields in the medical and scientific world. Subsequently 4 out of 8 women receiving semen from an infected donor were found to have antibodies to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This was the first report of HIV transmission within a fertility clinic.(1)


Human Immunodeficiency Virus Seminal Plasma Human Immunodeficiency Virus Transmission Donor Gamete Fertility Clinic 
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  1. 1.
    Stewart GJ, Tyler JPP, Cunningham AL, Barr JA, Driscoll GL, Gold J, Lamont BJ. Transmission of human T-cell lymphotropic virus type III (HTLV-III) by artificial insemination by donor. Lancet 1985; 2: 581–585.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Fertility Society of Australia Newsletter. Volume 9, March 1987.Google Scholar
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    Ho DD, Schooley RT, Rota TR, Kaplan JC, Flynn T. HTLV-III in the semen and blood of a healthy homosexual man. Science 1984; 226: 451–453.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Zagury D, Bernard J, Liebowitch J. HTLV-III in cells cultured from semen of two patients with AIDS. Science 1985; 226: 449–456.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Ashida ER, Schofield VL. Lymphocyte major histocompatibility complex-encoded class II structures may act as sperm receptors. Proc Natl Acad Sci 1987; 84: 3395–3399.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Witkin SS. Suppressor T-lymphocytes and cross-reactive sperm antigens in human semen. AIDS Research 1984; 1: 339–345.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. P. P. Tyler
  • J. A. Crittenden

There are no affiliations available

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