Nerve-stimulating Implants for Bladder Control in Patients with Spinal Cord Injury or Disease

  • G. S. Brindley
Part of the Clinical Practice in Urology book series (PRACTICE UROLOG)


This chapter is mainly about the merits, defects and range of application of one type of implant, the sacral anterior root stimulator (Brindley et al. 1986; Herlant and Colombel 1986). Some related devices will be discussed briefly.


Spinal Cord Injury Sacral Nerve Stimulation Urologic Surgery Posterior Root Autonomic Dysreflexia 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Brindley GS (1973) Emptying the bladder by stimulating sacral ventral roots. J Physiol (Lond) 237: 15P-16PGoogle Scholar
  2. Brindley GS (1977) An implant to empty the bladder or close the urethra. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 40: 358–369PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Brindley GS (1981) Electroejaculation: its technique, neurological implications and uses. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 44: 9–18PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Brindley GS, Donaldson PEK (1986) Electolytic current-control elements for surgically implanted electrical devices. Med Biol Eng Comput 24: 439–441PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Brindley GS, Polkey CE, Rushton DN, Cardozo LD (1986) Sacral anterior root stimulators for bladder control in paraplegia: the first 50 cases. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry 49: 1104–1114PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Habib HN (1967) Experience and recent contributions in sacral nerve stimulation for voiding in both human and animal. Br J Urol 39: 73–83PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Herlant M, Colombel P (1986) Electrostimulation intra-durale des racines sacrées antérieurs chez les paraplégiques. Historique, résultats, indications. Annales de Réadaptation et de Médecine Physique 29: 405–411Google Scholar
  8. Merrill DC (1979) Electrical vesical stimulation. Acta Urol Belg 47: 110PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Nashold BS, Friedman H, Grimes J (1982) Electrical stimulation of the conus medullaris to control the bladder in paraplegia: a ten-year review. Appl Neurophysiol 45: 40–43PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Schmidt RA (1986) Advances in genitourinary neurostimulation. Neurosurgery 18: 1041–1044CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. S. Brindley

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations