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Almost any part of the gastrointestinal tract can be used as a substitute for some part of the urinary tract, provided it has an adequate vascular pedicle. The ileum, being abundant, and relatively free from organisms, is most easy to use, but the colon, stomach and even the appendix can be employed on occasion.
KeywordsRenal Artery Renal Pelvis Splenic Flexure Hepatic Flexure Urologic Surgery
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