- 105 Downloads
Neural networks are networks of nerve cells (neurons) in the brain. The human brain has billions of individual neurons and trillions of interconnections. Neurons are continuously processing and transmitting information to one another. In 1909, Cajal ,  found that the brain consists of a large number of highly connected neurons which apparently can send very simple excitatory and inhibitory messages to each other and update their excitations on the basis of these simple messages. Figure 2.1.1 shows Purkinje Cell with its dendrite stained . A neuron has three major regions; the cell body (soma), the axon, and the dendrites as shown in Fig. 2.1.2 .
KeywordsNeural Network Hide Layer Synaptic Vesicle Steep Descent Connection Weight
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Cajal, S.R., “Histologie du Systeme nerveux de 1-homme et des vertebres”, Maloine, Paris, 1909.Google Scholar
- Dayhoff, J.E., “Neural Network Architectures: An Introduction”, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1990.Google Scholar
- McCulloch, W.S. and W. Pitts, “A logical calculus of the ideas immanent in nervous activity”, Bulletin of Mathematical Biophysics, Vol. 9, pp. 127–147, 1943.Google Scholar
- Hebb, D.O., “The Organization of Behavior”, Wiley, New York, 1949.Google Scholar
- Bernstein, N., “Profiles:AI, Marvin Minsky”, The New Yorker, pp. 50–126, 1981.Google Scholar
- Rosenblatt, F., “Principles of Neurodynamics: Perceptrons and the Theory of Brain Mechanisms”, Spartan Book, Washinghton D.C., 1961.Google Scholar
- Werbos, P.J., “Beyond regression: New tools for prediction and analysis in the behavioral sciences”, Ph.D. Thesis, Applied Mathematics, Harvard University, Nov., 1974.Google Scholar
- Rumelhart, D.E. et al., “ Parallel Distributed Processing: Explorations in the Micro Sructure of Cognition Vol.I: Foundations”, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1986.Google Scholar
- Widrow, B., “ADALINE and MADALINE - 1963”, Plenary Speech, Vol. I, Proc. of IEEE First Int. Conf. on Neural Networks, San Diego, CA, pp. 143–158, 1987.Google Scholar