• Sigeru Omatu
  • Marzuki Khalid
  • Rubiyah Yusof
Part of the Advances in Industrial Control book series (AIC)


Intelligent control is now becoming a common tool in many engineering and industrial applications [1], [2]. It has the ability to comprehend and learn about plants, disturbances, environment, and operating conditions [3],[4]. Some examples of the factors to be learned are plant characteristics such as its static and dynamic behaviours, some characteristics of disturbances or the environment, and equipment-operating practices [1], [2]. Figures 1.1.1 and 1.1.2 show the number of papers from INSPEC (Information Service for Physics and Engineering Communities) and patents from CASSIS (Classification for Search Support Information System), respectively [5]. From these figures, we can see the trends and the relative activities of research and applications in the field of computational and artificial intelligence. It can be observed that while research in expert systems which used to be the domain tool for intelligent systems, is declining slowly, research in neural networks is progressing rather steadily.


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  1. [1]
    White, D.A. and D.A Sofge, “Handbook of Intelligent Control”, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1992.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Miller, W.T., R.S. Sutton, and P.J. Werbos, “Neural Networks for Control”, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 1990.Google Scholar
  3. [4]
    Dayhoff, J.E., “Neural Network Architectures: An Introduction”, Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 1990.Google Scholar
  4. [5]
    Zurada, J.M., R.J. Marks II, and C.J. Robinson, “Computational Intelligence Imitating Life”, IEEE Press, New York, 1994.Google Scholar
  5. [6]
    Nozaka, Y., “Trend of new control theory application in industrial process control (A survey)”, Proc. of 12th IFAC World Congress, Sydney, Vol. VI, pp. 51–56, 1993.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sigeru Omatu
    • 1
  • Marzuki Khalid
    • 2
  • Rubiyah Yusof
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Computer and Systems Sciences, College of EngineeringOsaka Prefecture UniversitySakai, Osaka 593Japan
  2. 2.Business and Advanced Technology CentreUniversiti Teknologi MalaysiaKuala LumpurMalaysia

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