• Ian David Chivers
  • Jane Sleightholme


The aims of this chapter are to introduce:
  • the rules for the evaluation of arithmetic expressions to ensure that they are evaluated as you intend;

  • the idea of truncation and rounding applied to reals;

  • the use of the PARAMETER statement to define or set up constants

  • the concepts and ideas involved in numerical computation, e.g.
    • specifying data types using kind type parameters;

    • the concept of numeric models and positional number systems for integer and real arithmetic and their implementation on binary devices;

    • testing the numerical representation of different kind types on a system;


Word Size Arithmetic Expression Kind Type Real Arithmetic Integer Representation 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  1. Froberg C.E., Introduction to Numerical Analysis, Addison Wesley.Google Scholar
  2. IEEE, IEEE Standard for Binary Floating-Point Arithmetic, ANSI/IEEE Std 754–1985, Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers Inc.Google Scholar
  3. Knuth D., Seminumerical Algorithms, Addison Wesley.Google Scholar
  4. Sun, Numerical Computation Guide, SunPro.Google Scholar
  5. Wakerly J.F., Microcomputer Architecture and Programming, Wiley.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ian David Chivers
    • 1
  • Jane Sleightholme
    • 1
  1. 1.The Computer CentreKing’s CollegeLondonUK

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