Lesson Learnt from the Military Surgeons Using Simulation in Trauma Surgery

  • Simon S. Fleming
  • John-Joe Reilly


The low exposure of many trauma team members to severe trauma underlines the need for alternatives to “learning by doing” when the “doing,” in the early stages, involves a trauma patient. This is unacceptable with today’s patient safety requirements and often unobtainable with modern surgical training. Equally in the dynamic, high-pressured environment of managing trauma patients, the risk of errors occurring and miscommunications is rife. Management of a trauma patient, whether in the emergency department, operating theater, or intensive care unit, relies on the performance of the team as a whole and as such will only work with both effective technical skills but also nontechnical skills such as communication or delegation.

The evidence shows that when a trauma team is trained using simulation, there are significant improvements in the quality of teamwork and a reduction in clinical errors in the trained groups.


Trauma Simulation Military Surgery War 


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Queen Mary University of LondonLondonGreat Britain, UK
  2. 2.London Surgical Academy, Cancer InstituteBarts & The London Medical School and NHS TrustLondonUK
  3. 3.Academic Department of Military Surgery and Trauma, Royal Centre for Defense MedicineUniversity Hospital BirminghamBirminghamUK

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