Evacuation and Transportation
Aeromedical evacuation (AE) has become an important element of healthcare systems within the developed world and is a key enabler to military operations conducted in austere environments. The existence of a reliable AE chain allows commanders to reduce the medical assets in the operational theatre while remaining assured that injured personnel will get prompt advanced medical care. Moreover, the soldier on the ground is assured that he will get advanced medical care and speedy repatriation. The role within humanitarian operations may be more limited apart from the support of the deployed aid worker, but aeromedical evacuation can still contribute further management options.
KeywordsAeromedical evacuation and transportation Physics and physiology Equipment Organization Medical conditions on medical evacuation flights Humanitarian operations
- 1.Emergency Medical Services. www.out-of-hospital.com.
- 2.Lam DM. Medical evacuation, history and development – the future in the multinational environment. Presented at the NATO Research and Technology Organisation in Kiev, Ukraine, Sept 2000.Google Scholar
- 3.US National Museum of Health and Medicine.Google Scholar
- 4.Bricknell MCM. The Evolution of Casualty Evacuation in the British Army in the 20th Century (Part 1) Boer War - 1918. JRAMC. 2002; 148:200–7.Google Scholar
- 5.Bricknell MCM. The evolution of casualty evacuation in the British Army in the 20th century (part 2) – 1918 to 1945. JRAMC. 2002;148:314–22.Google Scholar
- 6.Bricknell MCM. The evolution of casualty evacuation in the British Army in the 20th century (part 3) – 1945 to present. JRAMC. 2002;149:85–95.Google Scholar
- 7.Martin T. Aeromedical transportation – a clinical guide. Aldershot: Ashgate Publishing Ltd; 2006.Google Scholar
- 8.Armstrong HG. Principles and Practice of Aviation Medicine.Google Scholar
- 10.Cordner RH. The coming of the aeroplane. J R Army Med Corps. 1913;21:84.Google Scholar
- 13.Lam DM. Wings of life and hope. Probl Crit Care. 1990;4:477–94.Google Scholar
- 14.Guilford F, Sobroff B. Air evacuation: an historical review. Aviat Med. 1947;18:601–16.Google Scholar
- 15.Dowling J. RAF helicopters: the first twenty years. MOD Air Historical Branch; 1987.Google Scholar
- 17.E-mail Head of International Law of the British Red Cross to the author dated 9 June 2012.Google Scholar
- 19.Rainford DJ, Gradwell DP, editors. Ernsting’s aviation medicine. 4th ed. Hodder Education. London: Edward Arnold Publishers Ltd; 2006.Google Scholar
- 20.In order to prevent the aircrew suffering from the affects of hypoxia since rotary wing aircraft are not pressurised.Google Scholar
- 21.Allied Medical Publication 13, NATO.Google Scholar
- 22.NATO Standardization Agency (NSA) 3204 Ed 7 issued 1 Mar 07.Google Scholar
- 23.British Thoracic Society Air Travel Working Group. Managing passengers with stable respiratory disease planning air travel. Thorax. 2011;66 Supp. p. 1:i1–i30.Google Scholar
- 24.Medical Guidelines Task Force. Medical guidelines for air travel, 2nd edition. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2003;74((Section II):A1–19.Google Scholar
- 26.Australian Government Dept of Defence Website. www.defence.gov.au/optsunamiassist.