Clinical Evaluation of Patients with Chronic Lower Extremity Venous Disorder
A number of patient historical risk factors can influence the development of superficial venous disease. Among those considered to be of fairly certain significance are: family history, age, pregnancy, and female gender . Other factors of probable significance are: occupation requiring prolonged standing, obesity, physical activity involving heavy straining (exaggerated Valsalva’s maneuver), sedentary occupation and/or lifestyle, neuromuscular disorder causing foot/calf muscle pump impairment, history of leg trauma, history of deep vein thrombosis, and connective tissue laxity [2, 3].
KeywordsVenous Disease Venous Hypertension Venous Insufficiency Chronic Venous Insufficiency Prolonged Standing
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