The Role of Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Techniques

  • Pieter J. L. De Visschere
  • Gert O. De Meerleer
  • Nicolaas Lumen
  • Geert M. Villeirs
Chapter

Abstract

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has an increasing role to play in the diagnosis and staging of prostate cancer but is also valuable in the noninvasive assessment of tumor aggressiveness, in treatment monitoring, and in the diagnosis of tumor recurrence. Although morphologic T2-weighted (T2W) MRI is an essential first step in the diagnostic evaluation of the prostate, additional functional techniques such as magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), and dynamic contrast-enhanced (DCE) MRI can boost the diagnostic, staging, and grading performance of MRI beyond the limits of what is achievable with T2W imaging alone. They can be used separately or in combination in a so-called multimodality approach.

Keywords

Zinc Permeability Carbohydrate Citrate Adenosine 

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pieter J. L. De Visschere
    • 1
  • Gert O. De Meerleer
    • 2
  • Nicolaas Lumen
    • 3
  • Geert M. Villeirs
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Radiology, Division of Genitourinary RadiologyGhent University HospitalGhentBelgium
  2. 2.Department of Radiation OncologyGhent University HospitalGhentBelgium
  3. 3.Department of UrologyGhent University HospitalGhentBelgium

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