Calcium Is Not Only Safe but Important for Health
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Concern about calcium supplementation causing cardiovascular events can widen the gap between calcium intakes and calcium recommendations. At this time, the association between calcium intake and cardiovascular disease is inconsistent, lacks a plausible mechanism, has no dose–response effect, and is not associated with cardiovascular mortality. In fact, calcium and vitamin D supplementation is systematically associated with decreased all-cause mortality. It is prudent to obtain recommended intakes of three servings of dairy products each day or to include fortified foods or supplements containing 300 mg calcium for every serving of dairy missed in order to meet calcium requirements without exceeding upper levels.
KeywordsCalcium Calcium supplements Cardiovascular disease Myocardial infarction Ossabaw pig
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