Advertisement

Decommissioning Regulations and Workflows

  • Mark J. Kaiser
  • Brian F. Snyder
Chapter
Part of the Green Energy and Technology book series (GREEN)

Abstract

Decommissioning regulations for offshore renewable energy facilities require that all facilities be removed and the seafloor cleared of all obstructions at the end of the life of the lease. In this chapter we provide an overview of the expected workflows and stages of decommissioning that are likely to arise for offshore wind farms. We begin with background information about the Energy Policy Act of 2005 and comparisons between offshore oil and gas facilities and wind decommissioning. When offshore wind decommissioning programs are executed, they will have many similarities with the oil and gas industry as well as some significant differences. An understanding of oil and gas decommissioning markets informs our expectations of the conditions expected to develop. Decommissioning regulations are specified and expected workflows are described. An alternative method for turbine removal is proposed which, if feasible, may significantly reduce decommissioning cost. We conclude by describing the exposure and liability of the parties involved.

Keywords

Wind Turbine Wind Farm Offshore Wind Artificial Reef Power Cable 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Department of Trade and Industry (2006) Decommissioning of offshore renewable energy installations under the Energy Act of 2004. Department of Trade and Industry, LondonGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Statoil (2010) Decommissioning program. Document number sc-00-NH-F15-00005Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    London Array Limited (2009) Decommissioning programme for London Array. Document number 45-02682Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Greater Gabbard Offshore Winds Ltd (2007) Decommissioning programme. Document number 577000/403–MGT100–GGR–107Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Thanet Offshore Wind Farm (2008) Offshore decommissioning planGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Culwell AS, McCarthy J (1998) Pipeline and power cable decommissioning. In: Manago F, Williamson B (eds) Proceedings: Public workshop, decommissioning and removal of oil and gas facilities offshore California. MMS OCS Study 98-0023Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Januário C, Semino S, Bell M (2007) Offshore windfarm decommissioning: a proposal for guidelines to be included in the european maritime policy. Presented at EWEC 2007: European Wind Energy Conference, MilanGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    MMS (2008) Cape Wind final environmental impact statement. Minerals Management Service. Herndon, VA. 2008-040Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kaiser MJ, Pulsipher AG (2010) Scrap and storage markets in the Gulf of Mexico-III. Process workflows and industry structure. Energy Sources Part B: Econ Plan Policy 5(3):250–260CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark J. Kaiser
    • 1
  • Brian F. Snyder
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Energy StudiesLouisiana State UniversityBaton RougeUSA

Personalised recommendations