Case Study: Development of a Sustainable Product Life cycle in Manufacturing Firms
This chapter gives a case study for integrating Design for Environment (DfE) and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) techniques both into new product development and into the process of redesigning a set of existing products. The case study explains the reasons for developing DfE in general, and pays particular attention to a specific, chosen product, a class of electrical distribution boards, to illustrate the concept. The main process steps in the development of the DfE are outlined, and the development of a LCA that satisfies the requirements of the ISO 14040 standard is illustrated. This work was developed thanks to the collaboration between the Sustainability Affairs Department of ABB Italia and the Department of Energy Studies of Marche Polytechnic University. The aim of the firm was to create a procedure based on the integration of DfE and LCA methodologies to allow the assessment of improvement, in terms of environmental and economic impact, which could be attributed to a different assembly layout for the “electrical distribution boards” set of products.
KeywordsLife Cycle Assessment Impact Category Life Cycle Inventory Life Cycle Assessment Study Circuit Breaker
- ISO 14040 (2006) Environmental management-life cycle assessment-principles and framework, International Organization for Standardization, TC207Google Scholar