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Feasibility of Oral Feeding in Patients with Disorders of Consciousness

  • Audrey Maudoux
  • Ingrid Breuskin
  • Olivia Gosseries
  • Caroline Schnakers
  • Audrey Vanhaudenhuyse
Chapter

Abstract

Eating and drinking are basic pleasures of life, considered as obvious to most of us. However, the ease with which we perform these actions masks the complexity of the underlying neuronal control. According to several studies, the frequency of dysphagia among subjects with severe brain injury is frequent. Faced with the difficult management of patients with an altered state of consciousness, the use of gustatory stimuli, as well as the rehabilitation of swallowing could constitute a supplementary therapy which is currently rarely considered. This review aims to summarize our current knowledge regarding the neural control of swallowing, to assess the role of awareness and willingness on the control of swallowing and, finally, to establish the feasibility of oral feeding in patients with disorders of consciousness.

Keywords

Anterior Cingulate Cortex Oral Feeding Central Pattern Generator Altered State Minimally Conscious State 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Audrey Maudoux
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ingrid Breuskin
    • 1
  • Olivia Gosseries
    • 2
  • Caroline Schnakers
    • 2
  • Audrey Vanhaudenhuyse
    • 2
  1. 1.Oto-Rhino-Laryngology Head and Neck Surgery DepartmentUniversity Hospital of LiègeLiègeBelgium
  2. 2.Coma Science Group, Cyclotron Research CenterUniversity of LiègeLiègeBelgium

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