In surgery, meshes are most commonly used for reinforcement. Examples include the prolene meshes use in hernia and pelvic floor repair. The meshes themselves have an intrinsic strength, and they stimulate fibrosis around, and possibly within, them, dependent on the pore size of the mesh. Synthetic meshes do, however, have disadvantages including the risk of infection, so in recent years, alternatives have been developed including soluble and biological meshes.
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