Biological Meshes

  • Ian Eardley
  • Giulio Garaffa
  • David J. Ralph


In surgery, meshes are most commonly used for reinforcement. Examples include the prolene meshes use in hernia and pelvic floor repair. The meshes themselves have an intrinsic strength, and they stimulate fibrosis around, and possibly within, them, dependent on the pore size of the mesh. Synthetic meshes do, however, have disadvantages including the risk of infection, so in recent years, alternatives have been developed including soluble and biological meshes.


Tissue Engineering Hernia Repair Polylactic Acid Synthetic Mesh Parastomal Hernia 
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Further Reading

  1. Aboushwareb T, McKenzie P, Wezel F, Southgate J, Badlani G. Is tissue engineering and biomaterials the future for lower urinary tract dysfunction (LUTD)/pelvic organ prolapse (POP)? Neurourol Urodyn. 2011;30:775–82.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Crapo PM, Gilbert TW, Badylak SF. An overview of tissue and whole organ decellularisation processes. Biomaterials. 2011;32:3233–43.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. David NF, McGuire BB, Callanan A, Flood HD, McGloughlin TM. Xenogenic extracellular matrices as potential biomaterials for interposition grafting in urology. J Urol. 2010;184:2246–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of UrologySt James’s University HospitalLeedsUK
  2. 2.Department of UrologyBroomfield HospitalBroomfield, ChelmsfordUK
  3. 3.Institute of UrologyUniversity College HospitalLondonUK

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