Light Sources, Light Leads, and Camera Systems

  • Stuart N. LloydEmail author
  • Adrian D. Joyce


Good quality light is essential to optimize endoscopic examination, but light can also be used therapeutically. Imaging, down an endoscope, depends upon effective transmission of light from the light source, through a light cable and the endoscope’s intrinsic light guide. The image is viewed via an optical system, usually to a camera at the eyepiece, and displayed on a monitor or via a tip-mounted camera directly to the monitor.


Light Source Narrow Band Imaging Automatic Gain Control White Balance Effective Transmission 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Further Reading

  1. Chou DS, McDougall EM. Chapter 1: Endoscopic imaging and instrumentation. In: Advanced endourology: the complete clinical guide. Totowa: Humana; 2006.Google Scholar
  2. Preminger GM, Sur L, Scales CD. Chapter 4: Video imaging and documentation. In: Smith’s textbook of endourology. 2nd ed. Hamilton: BC Decker; 2006.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of UrologySt James’s University HospitalLeedsUK

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