Dynamic Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy in Penile Cancer

  • Hussain M. Alnajjar
  • Nicholas A. Watkin


The term sentinel lymph node refers to the first lymph node or packet of lymph nodes to which tumor cells metastasize from a primary tumor. It is assumed that the process of micro-metastasis is embolic and that tumor cells are not present in continuity in the lymphatic channels between the primary site and sentinel lymph node. It is also therefore assumed that if the sentinel lymph node does not have tumor within it, the remaining nodes in the lymphatic basin are free of tumor.


Sentinel Lymph Node Penile Cancer Inguinal Node Dissection Lymphatic Basin Penile Carcinoma 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Hadway P, Smith Y, Corbishley C, Heenan S, Watkin NA. Evaluation of dynamic lymphoscintigraphy and sentinel lymph-node biopsy for detecting occult metastases in patients with penile squamous cell carcinoma. BJU Int. 2007;100:561–5.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Cabanas RM. An approach for the treatment of penile carcinoma. Cancer. 1977;39(2):456–66.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Kroon BK, Horenblas S, Estourgie SH, Lont AP, Valdes Olmos RA, Nieweg OE. How to avoid false-negative dynamic sentinel node procedures in penile carcinoma. J Urol. 2004;171:2191–4.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Leijte JA, Hughes B, Graafland N, Kroon BK, Olmos RA, Nieweg OE, Corbishley C, Heenan S, Watkin N, Horenblas S. Two-center evaluation of dynamic sentinel node biopsy for squamous cell carcinoma of the penis. J Clin Oncol. 2009;27:3325–9.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of UrologySt George’s Healthcare NHS TrustLondonUK

Personalised recommendations