The Respiratory Tract

  • Michael T. Sheaff
  • Naveena Singh


Cytological investigation of the pulmonary tract is one of the most useful diagnostic tests available to the clinician. A wide range of samples can be provided to the laboratory from a variety of sampling techniques. In many cases, the cytologist can provide a clear diagnosis of malignancy, infection, or other specific disease. Even if a diagnosis cannot be offered, the sample frequently aids the clinician with future management by providing reassurance that tumor is unlikely to be present (in the appropriate clinical and radiological setting). This chapter outlines the various samples that the cytopathologist may be faced with and provides a description of the microscopic features that aid diagnosis.


Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Interstitial Lung Disease Carcinoid Tumor Small Cell Carcinoma Thymic Carcinoma 
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Useful Resources and Suggested Reading

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  2. European Respiratory Society website – (this provides many guidelines for the investigation of thoracic disease).
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael T. Sheaff
    • 1
  • Naveena Singh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Cellular PathologyBarts Health NHS TrustLondonUK

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