Eco-Design in the Furniture and Wood-Processing Sector in Spain: Benefits and Constraints
The objective of this study is to analyze the main benefits and constraints of the implementation of eco-design solutions in wooden products manufacturers and furniture companies in Spain, and whether this results in significant differences between both sectors. Although the level of eco-design implementation in both sectors is rather low, companies have considered some new eco-design strategies in product process development which are mainly related to energy and raw material optimization, use of non-hazardous substances and reduction of waste, obtaining some benefits but sometimes facing impediments that hinder its application. This study reveals that there are not statistical differences between both sectors in terms of their level of understanding of the benefits and constraints of eco-design. Most of the companies surveyed agreed that the main benefits derived from eco-design are not only related with reducing their environmental impact but also with other advantages such as improved company´s image, new market opportunities and meeting normative and legal requirements. On the other hand, limitations are mainly related to lack of knowledge and conflict with functional and quality product requirements.
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