Fundamentals of Thermodynamics Applied to Thermal Power Plants
In this chapter it is reviewed the fundamental principles of Thermodynamics aiming at its application to power plants cycle analysis. The three most common thermodynamic cycles are studied starting with the Brayton cycle, the Diesel Cycle, and the Rankine cycle. These ideal cycles are thermodynamic operating models for gas turbines, diesel engines, and steam turbines, respectively. Thermal efficiencies, operating conditions and cycle variations are also analyzed. The last issue studied is the combined Brayton-Rankine cycle, which is a trend in industry due to its higher overall efficiency.
KeywordsSteam Turbine Rankine Cycle Rankine Organic Cycle Vapor Quality Carnot Cycle