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Fundamentals of Thermodynamics Applied to Thermal Power Plants

  • José R. Simões-MoreiraEmail author
Chapter
Part of the Springer Series in Reliability Engineering book series (RELIABILITY)

Abstract

In this chapter it is reviewed the fundamental principles of Thermodynamics aiming at its application to power plants cycle analysis. The three most common thermodynamic cycles are studied starting with the Brayton cycle, the Diesel Cycle, and the Rankine cycle. These ideal cycles are thermodynamic operating models for gas turbines, diesel engines, and steam turbines, respectively. Thermal efficiencies, operating conditions and cycle variations are also analyzed. The last issue studied is the combined Brayton-Rankine cycle, which is a trend in industry due to its higher overall efficiency.

Keywords

Steam Turbine Rankine Cycle Rankine Organic Cycle Vapor Quality Carnot Cycle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Simões-Moreira JR (2010) An air standard cycle and a thermodynamic perspective on operational limits of Ranque-Hilsh or vortex tubes. Int J Refrig 33:765–773CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Thompson PA, Sullivan DA (1975) On the possibility of complete condensation shock waves in retrograde fluids. J Fluid Mech 70:639–649CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Mechanical Engineering Department at Escola Politécnica da USPSISEA Alternative Energy Systems LabSão PauloBrazil

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