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Proteomic Studies in Low-Grade Gliomas: What Have They Informed About Pathophysiology?

  • A. M. J. Gerth
  • R. F. Deighton
  • J. McCulloch
  • Ian R. WhittleEmail author
Chapter

Abstract

The study of normal, aberrant, and dysregulated proteins (proteomics) is now becoming an established technique in biological research. Proteomics has been widely applied in biological investigations of systemic cancers and also in high-grade gliomas (HGGs). However, relatively little work has been done on questions evaluating biological aspects of low-grade gliomas (LGGs). In this chapter, the proteomic literature on LGGs is critically and systematically reviewed. Protein lists from individual studies are summarized, and differences between “control” brain tissue and LGG, LGG and HGGs, LGGs with and without 1p/19q deletions, and the impact of IDH1 deletions are evaluated. Web-based bioinformatics tools, IPA and DAVID, are also used to assess protein-protein interactions between proteins differentially expressed in LGGs. Two highly significant and important functional protein networks are identified. One in silico network reveals underlying differences between LGG and control brain, and the other reveals underlying differences between HGGs and LGGs. The roles of cell proliferation, apoptosis, and aberrant subcellular processes are highlighted. In addition, the nascent literature on 1p/19q, and IDH1 deletions is reviewed. The findings from these studies show that systematic analysis of proteomic data in LGGs is much more informative than data derived from single studies. The lack of consistent proteomic differences identified between the various studies also highlights problems in proteomic methodologies and investigative study design. The results from this review provide novel insights into LGG biology and give some direction for focus of future studies.

Keywords

Astrocytoma Oligodendroglioma Proteomics Protein-protein ­interactions Functional protein networks Oncogenesis 

Abbreviations

GBM

Glioblastoma multiforme

HGG

High-grade glioma

LGG

Low-grade glioma

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. M. J. Gerth
    • 1
    • 2
  • R. F. Deighton
    • 2
    • 3
  • J. McCulloch
    • 2
  • Ian R. Whittle
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.Centre for Clinical Brain Science, Western General HospitalUniversity of EdinburghEdinburghUK
  2. 2.Centre for Cognitive and Neural SystemsUniversity of EdinburghEdinburghUK
  3. 3.Division of Clinical NeurosciencesUniversity of Edinburgh, Western General HospitalEdinburghUK
  4. 4.Department of Clinical NeurosciencesWestern General HospitalEdinburghScotland, UK

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