Urethral Calibration

  • Peter K. Sand
  • Donald R. Ostergard


Urethral calibration or measurement of the urethral diameter may be useful in women with irritative voiding symptoms (urgency, frequency, dysuria and post-void fullness) who are being evaluated for urinary incontinence. Some of these women may be found to have voiding dysfunction, the urethral syndrome or sensory urge incontinence. These disorders in women are usually associated with functional rather than physical obstruction. Hole (1972) showed that the urethral caliber in women with the urethral syndrome was no different from that of controls. However, it is important to rule out true urethral stenosis as a cause of obstructive voiding or detrusor overactivity. Relative urethral stenosis associated with atrophic urethritis or the urethral syndrome is not uncommon. Women who have urethral stenosis and suffer from voiding dysfunction, urge incontinence or the urethral syndrome may benefit from dilatation.


Detrusor Overactivity Urge Incontinence Topical Anesthesia Urethral Stenosis Sensory Urge 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Farrar DJ, Whiteside CG, Osborne JD et al: A urodynamic analysis of micturition symptoms in the female. Surg Gynecol Obstet 141: 875, 1975.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Gustenberg TC, Lykkegaard Nielsen M, Lindberg J: Spastic striated external sphincter syndrome imitating recurrent urinary tract infection in females. Eur Urol 9: 87, 1983.Google Scholar
  3. Hole R: The caliber of the adult female urethra. Br J Urol 44: 68, 1972.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter K. Sand
    • 1
  • Donald R. Ostergard
    • 2
  1. 1.Northwestern University Medical SchoolEvanstonUSA
  2. 2.University of California at IrvineLong BeachUSA

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