The Low Compliance Bladder

  • Peter K. Sand
  • Donald R. Ostergard


Compliance is defined as the increase in pressure per unit of volume (V/P). Normally the bladder is very compliant and may be filled to large volumes with very little increase in detrusor pressure. The low compliance bladder results from intrinsic disease processes within the bladder wall which result in fibrosis and decreased elasticity. This decreased elasticity of the bladder wall is reflected in the urodynamic tracing as a loss of accommodation with a gradual pressure increase during filling. This is frequently associated with a diminished bladder capacity in conditions such as radiation cystitis. When the lack of bladder wall compliance results in bladder pressure equalization with the urethra, incontinence results in a pattern similar to the atonic bladder when the bladder can distend no longer but at much smaller volumes.


Bladder Wall Interstitial Cystitis Bladder Capacity Open Arrow Bladder Pressure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. Aron BS, Schlesinger A: Complications of radiation therapy: the genitourinary tract. Semin Roentgenol 9: 65, 1974.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Coolsaet B: Bladder compliance and detrusor activity during the collection phase. Neurourol Urodynam 4: 263, 1985.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Farguharson DIM, Shingleton H, Sanford SP et al: The short-term effect of pelvic irradiation for gynecologic malignancies on bladder function. Obstet Gynecol 70: 81, 1987.Google Scholar
  4. Ram MD: Complications of radiotherapy for carcinoma of the bladder. Proc Soc Med 63: 93, 1970.Google Scholar
  5. Susset JG: Cystometry. In Krause RJ, Siroky MB (eds) Clinical neurourology. Boston, Little, Brawn 1991, pp. 163–184.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter K. Sand
    • 1
  • Donald R. Ostergard
    • 2
  1. 1.Northwestern University Medical SchoolEvanstonUSA
  2. 2.University of California at IrvineLong BeachUSA

Personalised recommendations