Dynamic Urethral Closure Pressure Profiles: Valsalva and Cough Profiles

  • Peter K. Sand
  • Donald R. Ostergard


Dynamic urethral closure pressure profiles are useful tests in the establishment of the diagnosis of genuine stress incontinence. By definition, genuine stress incontinence is a condition where an increase in intra-abdominal pressure leads to an increase in bladder pressure that is greater than urethral pressure in the absence of a bladder contraction. This condition is represented by a dynamic change in urethral closure pressure to zero or below known as pressure equalization during dynamic urethral closure pressure profiles.


Valsalva Maneuver Urethral Pressure Bladder Pressure Detrusor Pressure Pressure Transmission 
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  3. Thind P, Lose G, Jorgensen L et al: Urethral pressure increment preceding and following bladder pressure elevation during stress episodes in healthy and stress incontinent women. Neurourol Urodyn 10: 177, 1991.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter K. Sand
    • 1
  • Donald R. Ostergard
    • 2
  1. 1.Northwestern University Medical SchoolEvanstonUSA
  2. 2.University of California at IrvineLong BeachUSA

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