EX6 Tibiofemoral and metaphyseal—diaphyseal angle/age [radiography]

  • Holger Pettersson
  • Hans Ringertz


Bowleg deformity is common among pediatric orthopaedic patients, covering a wide spectrum from mild physiological bowing to pronounced tibia vara. The present measurements allow early and accurate detection of pathological bowleg deformity.


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  2. Salenius P, Vankka E: The development of the tibiofemoral angle in children. J Bone Joint Surg 1975; 57-A:529.Google Scholar

Referenced article

  1. Levine AM, Drennan JC: Physiological bowing and tibia vara. The metaphyseal-diaphyseal angle in the measurement of bowleg deformities. J Bone Joint Surg 1982; 61-A:1158.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Holger Pettersson
    • 1
  • Hans Ringertz
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of RadiologyUniversity HospitalLundSweden
  2. 2.Department of RadiologyKarolinska University HospitalStockholmSweden

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