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Interventional Cardiac Catheterization in Neonates

  • L. N. Benson
  • P. E. Burrows
  • R. M. Freedom

Abstract

Catheter-directed therapies for congenital and acquired heart defects were described over 35 years ago [105]. Balloon atrioseptostomy, however, introduced in 1966 [97, 98], was the first to be widely and successfully implemented in pediatrics. In the last decade, the variety of available interventions has increased dramatically and now include blade septostomy [81], balloon dilation, of stenotic valves [42, 52], stenotic vessels including coarctation of the aorta, both unoperated and recurrent after surgery; branch and peripheral pulmonary artery stenosis [25, 43, 59, 60, 62, 63, 114] and occlusion of a variety of congenital and acquired lesions [6, 26, 28, 34, 64, 96, 117]. Procedures such as balloon dilation of valvar pulmonary stenosis are now considered the initial modes of treatment. The majority of these procedures, however, have been applied in older children and adults. With increased clinical experience and the development of catheters less traumatic to the vascular system many procedures have now been successfully performed in the newborn and infant.

Keywords

Patent Ductus Arteriosus Pulmonary Valve Stenosis Atrial Septostomy Balloon Atrial Septostomy Critical Aortic Stenosis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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© Springer-Verlag London Limited 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. N. Benson
  • P. E. Burrows
  • R. M. Freedom

There are no affiliations available

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