Micturition pp 247-267 | Cite as

Why Operations Fail

  • S. L. Stanton


The reasons for incontinence following continence surgery are varied: literature reviews are often unsatisfactory because despite the growing use of pre- and postoperative urodynamic investigations, many papers exist where only clinical data are presented and therefore, in terms of failure, only conjectures rather than objective answers are available.


Bladder Neck Stress Incontinence Urge Incontinence Anterior Vaginal Wall Maximum Urethral Closure Pressure 
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Copyright information

© Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. L. Stanton

There are no affiliations available

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