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The ‘Exotic’ Systemic Parasitoses: Limited Geographical Distribution; Rarely Encountered in the UK

  • G. C. Cook
Part of the The Bloomsbury Series in Clinical Science book series (BLOOMSBURY)

Abstract

The majority of the protozoan and helminthic infections which have been covered in the previous chapters are either indigenous to the United Kingdom, or are introduced (not infrequently) by travellers and members of the minor ethnic groups (often after visits to their relations in Africa, Asia or the Caribbean). In this chapter the emphasis is on two groups of protozoan infections — trypanosomiasis and leishmaniasis — and a helminthic one — filariasis. These are rarely encountered in the UK and when they are, they are usually referred to one of the specialist centres; therefore the average physican has little or no experience of their diagnosis and chemotherapy. As with so many of the infections outlined in this monograph, serological diagnosis has improved remarkably during the last decade or so. However, chemotherapy has lagged behind that which is now available for many of the other parasitoses; older, toxic preparations are still widely in use (Cook 1988). The reason(s) for this is that little or no financial reward results from the development of chemotherapeutic agents for these diseases, which are localized geographically to tropical countries — mostly in Africa or India. In consequence the pharmaceutical industry tends not to invest in research in this neglected area (Garattini 1988; Scott 1988). Despite this, there have been some advances and these have been reviewed recently (Cook 1990).

Keywords

Visceral Leishmaniasis Adult Worm Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Meglumine Antimoniate American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. C. Cook
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    • 5
  1. 1.Hospital for Tropical DiseasesUniversity College HospitalUK
  2. 2.St Luke’s Hospital for the ClergyUK
  3. 3.London School of Hygiene and Tropical MedicineUK
  4. 4.Royal Nigerian ArmyNigeria
  5. 5.Makerere UniversityUganda

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