Aspiration Cytology in the Staging of Penile Cancer

  • P. Scappini
  • F. Piscioli
  • E. Menichelli
  • L. Luciani


Carcinoma of the penis is relatively uncommon in developed countries, accounting for less than 1% of the cancer-bearing male population in the USA. However, penile cancer has a higher incidence in underdeveloped countries or in areas in which early circumcision is not routinely practised [1]. This neoplasm is therefore a significant world health problem. Because of the frequent presence of inflammatory changes in the primary tumour, it is extremely difficult to establish the extent of local nodal disease. Nevertheless, 10%-30% of patients without clinical evidence of adenopathy have occult metastases (Table 31.1) [2–17]. From a review of the series reported in the literature, Catalona [19] found that these percentages were strictly parallel with the proportion of patients with clinically negative nodes who ultimately died of cancer.


Sentinel Lymph Node Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy Penile Cancer Fine Needle Biopsy Lymphatic Pathway 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Scappini
  • F. Piscioli
  • E. Menichelli
  • L. Luciani

There are no affiliations available

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