• P. B. James
  • R. A. F. Cox


Diving has been required for almost all of the thousands of wells drilled offshore since the first oilfield development in the Gulf of Mexico in 1948. In the last decade a small number of wells have been drilled in water depths from 300 to 1500 m without the support of conventional divers by using 1-atm vehicles ranging from armoured suits to small submarines. As these devices operate at a pressure very close to atmospheric pressure, no compression and decompression is required. Although they continue to improve there is always likely to be a requirement for divers because they can work in confined spaces and low visibility.


Motion Sickness Decompression Sickness Otitis Externa Deep Diving Nitrogen Narcosis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. B. James
  • R. A. F. Cox

There are no affiliations available

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