Historical Review—Confusions in Definition

  • C. A. C. Charlton


This quotation from Alice Through the Looking Glass nicely illustrates one of several major problems which face those interested in the diagnosis and treatment of symptom complexes which apparently arise from the female urinary tract. Before 1940 terms such as neuralgia of the bladder, granular urethritis, rheumatic urethritis, cystitis trigoni and cystitis colli were in common use for the description of lower tract symptoms associated with clear urine (Ormond 1935). Equally broad was the dictum of the distinguished American physician Richard Cabot as paraphrased by Folsom: “Any pain within two feet of the female urethra for which one cannot find an adequate explanation, should be suspected of coming from the female urethra.” (Folsom 1945)


Lower Urinary Tract Symptom Lower Urinary Tract Chlamydia Trachomatis Ovarian Cyst Lower Urinary Tract Infection 
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© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1986

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  • C. A. C. Charlton

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