Trauma to the Nervous System

  • Roy O. Weller
  • Michael Swash
  • D. Lindsay McLellan
  • Carl L. Scholtz


In the management of head injury the clinician must be aware of when and why complications occur. Although little can be done to modify the primary brain damage occurring at the time of the injury, much can be done to minimise the effects of cerebral oedema, raised intracranial pressure and brain shift which may complicate a head injury. It is not only that the life of the patient may be in danger, but disability can also be minimised by limiting the extent of damage to the brain. The role of the pathologist in the management of head injuries is to examine the clinical history and the brain of those patients who die with head injuries and to advise the clinician on the course of events and the complications which have resulted in the patient’s death. It is only in this way that the clinician becomes aware of crucial aspects in the management of head injuries.


Head Injury Cerebral Oedema Severe Head Injury Retrograde Amnesia Cervical Spondylosis 
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Further reading

  1. Adams J H, Graham D I, Scott G, Parker L S, Doyle D (1980) Brain damage in fatal non-missile head injury. J Clin Pathol 33: 1132PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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  10. Klatzo I (1967) Neuropathological aspects of brain oedema. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol 26: 1PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Plum F, Posner J B (1972) The diagnosis of stupor and coma, 2nd edn. Davis, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  12. Strich S J (1961) Shearing of nerve fibres as a cause of brain damage due to head injury: a study of 20 cases. Lancet ii: 433Google Scholar
  13. Strich S J (1976) Cerebral trauma. In: Blackwood W, Corsellis J A N (eds) Greenfield’s neuropathology. Arnold, London, p 327Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roy O. Weller
    • 1
    • 2
  • Michael Swash
    • 3
    • 4
  • D. Lindsay McLellan
    • 1
    • 2
  • Carl L. Scholtz
    • 5
    • 6
  1. 1.University of SouthamptonEngland
  2. 2.Wessex Regional Neurological CentreSouthamptonEngland
  3. 3.The London Hospital and St Mark’s HospitalLondonEngland
  4. 4.the London Hospital Medical CollegeLondonEngland
  5. 5.The London Hospital Medical CollegeEngland
  6. 6.The London HospitalLondonEngland

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