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Bibliography and Further Reading

  • John Powell

Abstract

The following bibliography gives a short list of selections of published work which could be of interest as further reading. This list is very brief and a great deal of excellent work has had to be omitted in order to keep it short. I apologise in advance to those authors and editors whose work I have left out. A large proportion of work produced on the subject of laser processing is published as part of the proceedings of the conferences which have multiplied over the past few years. Most of these conferences publish their proceedings as a single volume and these are generally useful compendiums of the publications of a number of workers.

Keywords

Laser Processing High Power Laser Laser Application Laser Cutting Laser Material Processing 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

Section 11.2 Books

  1. 2.
    W.W. Duley, Laser Processing and Analysis of Materials. Plenum Press, New York, 1983 (ISBN 0-306-41067-2)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 3.
    W.M. Steen. Laser Material Processing. Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg New York, 1991 (ISBN 3-540-19670-6 (UK); ISBN 0-387-19670-6 (USA))CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 4.
    J. Bellis (ed.). Lasers; Operation, Equipment, Application and Design. Prepared by the engineering staff of Coherent Inc. McGraw Hill, 1980 (ISBN 0-07-011593-1)Google Scholar
  4. 5.
    E.A. Metzbower (ed.). Source Book on Applications of the Laser in Metal Working. American Society for Metals, 1981Google Scholar
  5. 6.
    M. Bass (ed.). Laser Materials Processing. North Holland, Amsterdam, 1983Google Scholar
  6. 7.
    J.F. Ready (ed.). Industrial Applications of Lasers. Academic Press, New York, 1978 (ISBN 0-12-583960-X)Google Scholar
  7. 8.
    A.L. Bloom (ed.). Gas Lasers. John Wiley (University of California Berkeley, Letters and science extension series)Google Scholar

Section 11.3.1 General Reviews of Laser Processing and Cutting

  1. 9.
    D.A. Belforte. Laser applications in the auto industry. In: H. Hugel (ed.). Proc. 5th Int. Conf. Lasers in Manufacturing (LIM 5) Stuttgart, Germany, 13–14 September 1988, pp 61–70Google Scholar
  2. 10.
    L. Hanicke. Laser technology in the Volvo Car Corporation. In: W.M. Steen (ed.). Proc. 4th Int. Conf. Lasers In Manufacturing (LIM 4) Birmingham, UK, 12–14 May 1987, pp 49–68Google Scholar
  3. 11.
    J. Powell, I.A. Menzies, P.F. Scheyvaerts. Laser cutting: the state of the art. In: Proc. 2nd Eur. Conf. on Laser Treatment of Materials (ECLAT ’88), Bad Nauheim, Germany, 13–14 October 1988, pp 1–9Google Scholar
  4. 12.
    D.M. Roessler. U.S. automotive applications of laser processing. In: D. Belforte, M. Levitt (eds). The Industrial Laser Annual Handbook, 1988, pp 75–83Google Scholar
  5. 13.
    A.J. Schwarz, J. Powell. Laser cutting jobshops; a technical and commercial appraisal. In: W.M. Steen (ed.). Proc. 6th Int. Conf. Lasers in Manufacturing (LIM 6), Birmingham, UK, 10–11 May 1989, pp 173–181Google Scholar

Section 11.3.2 Cutting Metals

  1. 14.
    Y. Arata, H. Maruo, I. Miyamoto, S. Takeuchi. Improvement of cut quality in laser-gas-cutting stainless steel. In: Proc. 1st Int. Laser Processing Conf., Anaheim, CA, 16–17 November 1981. Laser Institute of AmericaGoogle Scholar
  2. 15.
    Y. Arata, H. Maruo, I. Miyamoto, S. Takeuchi. Dynamic behaviour in laser gas cutting of mild steel. Transactions of the Japanese Welding Research Institute 1979; 8(2): 15–26Google Scholar
  3. 16.
    G. Daurelio, M. Dell’Erba, L. Cento. Cutting copper sheets by C02 laser. Lasers and Applications 1986; March: 59–64Google Scholar
  4. 17.
    J.T. Gabzdyl, W.M. Steen, M. Cantello. Nozzle beam alignment for laser cutting. In: Proc. ICALEO ’87 San Diego CA, USA, May 1987, LIA Toledo, 1988, pp 143–148Google Scholar
  5. 18.
    M. Hansmann, I. Decker, J. Ruge. Influence of workpiece temperature in laser cutting. In: Proc. 1st European Conference on Laser Treatment of Materials. (ECLAT 86) Bad Nauheim, Germany, 1986Google Scholar
  6. 19.
    You-Hie Han, I. Decker, J. Ruge. Laser cutting of selected steels: micro structural changes and their effect on mechanical properties. In: Proc. 1st Eur. Conf. on Laser Treatment of Materials, Bad Nauheim, 1986. German Welding Society (DVS)Google Scholar
  7. 20.
    A. Ivarson, J. Powell, C. Magnusson. The role of oxidation in laser cutting stainless and mild steel. Journal of Laser Applications 1991; 3(3): 41–45CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 21.
    A. Ivarson, J. Powell, C. Magnusson. Laser cutting of steels: analysis of the particles ejected during cutting. Welding in the World 1992; 30(5/6): 116–125Google Scholar
  9. 22.
    A. Ivarson, J. Powell, G. Broden, J. Kamalu, C. Magnusson. The effects of oxygen purity in laser cutting mild steel: a theoretical and experimental investigation. Lasers in Engineering 1992/93Google Scholar
  10. 23.
    V.S. Kovalenko, Y. Arata, H. Maruo, I. Miyamoto. Experimental study of cutting different materials with a 1.5 kW C02 laser. Transactions of the Japanese Welding Research Institute (JWRI) 1978; 79(2): 101–112Google Scholar
  11. 24.
    T. Nakagawa, K. Suzuki, K. Sakaue. Laser cut blanking tool. Bulletin of the Japan Society of Precision Engineering 1983; 17(1): 45–46 (Also available as: Manufacturing of a blanking tool by laser machining. Report published by Coherent (8/82.5M 5055A))Google Scholar
  12. 25.
    F.O. Olsen. Studies of sheet metal cutting with plane polarised CO2 laser. In: Proc. 5th Annual Congress on Opto Electronics in Engineering (Laser 81), Munich, W. Germany, pp 227–231Google Scholar
  13. 26.
    D. Petring, D. Abels, E. Beyer. Absorption distribution on idealised cutting front geometries and its significance for laser beam cutting. In: High Power CO2 Laser Systems and Applications 19–20 September 1988, Hamburg, Germany. Proc. SPIE Vol. 1020, pp 123–131CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 27.
    D. Petring, E. Beyer. Laser beam cutting of stainless steel. Welding in the World 1993 (to appear) (IIW Document No. IE 116–91)Google Scholar
  15. 28.
    D. Petring, P. Abels, E. Beyer, W. Noldechen, K.U. Preissig. Laser beam cutting of highly alloyed thick section steels. In: Proc. Laser 1989, pp 599–604Google Scholar
  16. 29.
    J. Powell, K. Frass, I.A. Menzies, H. Fuhr. CO2 laser cutting of non ferrous metals. In: High Power CO2 Laser Systems and Applications, Hamburg 19–20 September 1988. Proc. SPIE Vol. 1020, pp 156–163CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 30.
    J. Powell, K. Frass, I.A. Menzies. The influence of laser mode quality on cutting performance. In: Proc. Laser 4, Versailles, France, 17–18 March 1988Google Scholar
  18. 31.
    J. Powell, A. Ivarson, L. Ohlsson, C. Magnusson. Conductive losses experienced during CO2 laser cutting. Journal of Laser Applications 1993 (to appear)Google Scholar
  19. 32.
    J. Powell, T.G. King, I.A. Menzies. Cut edge quality improvement by laser pulsing. In: 2nd Int. Conf. on Lasers in Manufacturing (LIM 2), Birmingham, UK, 26–28 March 1985, pp 37–45Google Scholar
  20. 33.
    J. Powell, T.G. King, I.A. Menzies, K. Frass. Optimisation of pulsed laser cutting of mild steels. In: 3rd Int. Conf. on Lasers in Manufacturing (LIM 3) Paris, France, 3–5 June 1986, pp 67–75Google Scholar
  21. 34.
    J. Powell, I.A. Menzies. Metallurgical implications of laser cutting stainless steels. In: Proc. 1st Int. Conf. on Power Beam Technology, Brighton, UK 10–12 September 1986. Welding InstituteGoogle Scholar
  22. 35.
    J. Powell, A. Ivarson, L. Ohlsson, C. Magnusson. Reflection phenomena in CO2 laser cutting. Journal of Laser Applications 1993 (to appear)Google Scholar
  23. 36.
    J. Powell, P.F. Scheyvaerts, K. Frass, I.A. Menzies. The influence of focal point penetration on cutting dynamics for thick section steels at a CO2 laser power of 2.5 kW. In: Proc. 2nd Eur. Conf. on Laser Treatment of Materials (ECLAT ’88), Bad Nauheim, Germany, 13–14 October 1988, pp 114–118Google Scholar
  24. 37.
    J. Powell, M. Jezioro, I.A. Menzies, P.F. Scheyvearts. CO2 laser cutting of titanium alloys. In: Proc. Int. Conf. Laser Technologies in Industry, Porto, Portugal, 6–8 June 1988Google Scholar

Section 11.3.3 Cutting Non-metals

  1. 38.
    W. Schulz, G. Simon, H. Urbassek, M. Decker. On laser fusion cutting of metals. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics 1987; 20: 481–488CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 39.
    D.J. Doyle, J.M. Kokosa. Hazardous by products of plastics processing with CO2 lasers. In: Int. Congress on Applications of Lasers and Electro Optics (ICALEO 1985) San Francisco, CA, 11–14 November 1985Google Scholar
  3. 40.
    M. Flaum, T. Karlson. Cutting of fibre reinforced polymers with a c.w. CO2 laser. In: E.W. Kreutz, A. Quenzer, D.S. Schuocker (eds). Proc. High Power Lasers, The Hague, The Netherlands, 31 March-3 April 1987. Proc. SPIE, Vol. 801, pp 130–137Google Scholar
  4. 41.
    R. Nuss, R. Muller, M. Geiger. Laser cutting of RRIM-Polyurethane components in comparison with other cutting techniques. In: Proc. 5th Int. Conf. on Lasers in Manufacturing (LIM 5), Stuttgart, 1988, pp 47–57Google Scholar
  5. 42.
    S.E. Nielsen. Laser material processing of polymers. Polymer Testing (GB) 3(4): 303–310Google Scholar
  6. 43.
    J. Powell, G. Ellis, I.A. Menzies, P.F. Scheyvaerts. CO2 laser cutting of non metallic materials. In: W.M. Steen (ed.). Proc. 4th Int. Conf. Lasers in Manufacturing (LIM 4), Birmingham UK, 12–14 May 1987, pp 69–82Google Scholar
  7. 44.
    J. Powell, G. Ellis, C.D. Young, I.A. Menzies. Laser cutting of polymeric materials: an experimental investigation. In: Proc. Int. Conf. on Laser Materials Processing - Science and Applications, Osaka, Japan, 21–23 May 1987Google Scholar

Section 11.3.4 Theoretical Analyses of the Cutting Process

  1. 45.
    J. Powell, I.A. Menzies, G. Ellis, P.F. Scheyvaerts. High quality cutting of non metals by CO2 laser. In: D. Belforte, M. Lewitt (eds). The Industrial Laser Handbook, 1988 edition, pp 56–60Google Scholar
  2. 46.
    Y. Arata, I. Miyamoto. Some fundamental properties of high power laser beam as a heat source (report 2) - CO2 laser absorption characteristics of metal. Transaction Japanese Welding Society 1972; 3(1): 152–162Google Scholar
  3. 47.
    Y. Arata, M. Kanayama. Analysis of thermal cutting based on heat conduction theory. In: Proc. 2nd Colloquium on Electron Beam Welding and Melting (2nd CISFFE), Avignon, 5–8 September 1978, pp 429–434Google Scholar
  4. 48.
    K.C.A. Crane, R.K. Garnsworthy, L.E.S. Mathias. Ablation of materials subjected to laser radiation and high speed gas flows. Journal of Applied Physics 1980; 51(11): pp 5954–5961CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 49.
    I. Decker, J. Ruge, U. Atzert. Physical models and technological aspects of laser gas cutting. In: Conf. on Industrial Applications of High Powered Lasers, 26–27 September 1983 Linz, Austria. Proc. SPIE Vol. 455, pp 81–87Google Scholar
  6. 50.
    F.O. Olsen. Theoretical investigation in the fundamental mechanisms of high intensity laser light reflectivity. In: High Power CO2 Laser Systems and Applications, 19–20 September 1988 Hamburg, W. Germany. Proc. SPIE Vol. 1020, pp 114–122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 51.
    J. Powell. The influence of material thickness on the efficiency of laser cutting and welding. In: Proc. 6th Int. Conf. on Lasers in Manufacturing (LIM 6), Birmingham, UK, 10–11 May 1989, pp 215–221Google Scholar
  8. 52.
    W. Schulz, G. Simon, M. Vicanek. Ablation of opaque surfaces due to laser irradiation. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics 1986; 19: 173–177CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Section 11.3.5 C02 Lasers

  1. 53.
    M. Vicanek, G. Simon, H.M. Urbassek, I. Decker. Hydrodynamical instability of melt flow in laser cutting. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics 1987; 20: 140–145CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 54.
    O. Maerten, G. Hertzinger, P. Klein, P. Loosen. Laser-medium/resonator field interaction of fast axial flow CO2 lasers. In: E.W. Kreutz, A. Quenzer, D.S. Schuocker (eds). High Power Lasers, The Hague, The Netherlands, 31 March-3 April 1987. Proc. SPIE Vol. 801, pp 51–57Google Scholar
  3. 55.
    C.K.N. Patel. High power carbon dioxide lasers. Scientific American 1968; August: 23–33Google Scholar
  4. 56.
    A.L. Schawlow. Advances in optical masers. Scientific American 1963; JulyGoogle Scholar

Section 11.3.6 Nozzle Design and Gas Dynamics

  1. 57.
    A. Sona. R.F. and D.C. excited high power lasers. In: E.W. Kreutz, A. Quenzer, D.S. Schuocker (eds). High Power Lasers, 31 March-3 April 1987. Proc. SPIE Vol. 801, pp 23–31Google Scholar
  2. 58.
    B.A. Ward. Supersonic characteristics of nozzles used with lasers for cutting. In: Proc. Int. Conf. on the Application of Lasers and Electro Optics. (ICALEO 84) Boston, MA, 12–15 November 1984Google Scholar
  3. 59.
    J. Fieret, M.J. Terry, B.A. Ward. Aerodynamic interactions during laser cutting. In: Int. Symposium on Optical and Opto electronic Applied Sciences and Engineering, Conference on Laser Processing: Fundamentals, Applications and Systems Engineering, Quebec, Canada, 2–6 June 1986. Proc. SPIEGoogle Scholar
  4. 60.
    J. Fieret, B.A. Ward. Circular and non-circular nozzle exits for supersonic gas jet assist in CO2 laser cutting. In. A. Quenezer (ed.). Proc. 3rd Int. Conf. Lasers in Manufacturing (LIM 3), June 1986, Paris, France, 3–5 June 1986, pp 45–54Google Scholar
  5. 61.
    J. Fieret, M.J. Terry, B.A. Ward. Overview of flow dynamics in gas assisted laser cutting. In: E.W. Kreutz, A. Quenzer, D.S. Schuocker (eds). Proc. High Power Lasers The Hague, The Netherlands, 31 March-3 April 1987. SPIE Vol. 801, pp 243–250Google Scholar
  6. 62.
    S.E. Neilson. Laser cutting with high pressure cutting gases and mixed gases. In: A. Quenzer (ed.). Proc. 3rd Int. Conf. Lasers in Manufacturing (LIM 3) Paris, France, 3–5 June 1986, pp 25–44Google Scholar
  7. 63.
    A.E. Puckett. Supersonic nozzle design. Journal of Applied Mechanics 1946; December: A265-A270Google Scholar

Section 11.3.7 Laser Beam Analysis

  1. 64.
    G.C. Lim, W.M. Steen. The measurement of the temporal and spatial power distribution of a high powered CO2 laser beam. Optics Laser Technology 1982; June: 149–153Google Scholar
  2. 65.
    G.C. Lim, W.M. Steen. Instrument for the instantaneous in-situ measurement of a high power CO2 laser beam. Journal of Physics E: Scientific Intrumentation 1984; 17: 999–1007CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 66.
    I. Miyamoto, H. Maruo, Y. Arata. Intensity profile measurement of focused CO2 laser beam using PMMA. Proc. ICALEO 1984. Laser Institute of America, Vol. 44, pp 313–320Google Scholar
  4. 67.
    G. Sepold, P.O. Juptner, J. Telepski. Measuring the quality of high power laser beams. In: High Power Lasers and their Industrial Applications, Innsbruck, Austria, 15–18 April 1986. Proc. SPIE Vol. 650, pp 167–169CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 68.
    B.A. Ward. Laser beam measurement and quality assurance. In: 2nd Symposium on Exploiting the Laser in Engineering Production, Coventry, UK, September 1984. The Welding Institute, CambridgeGoogle Scholar

Section 11.3.8 Alternative Cutting Methods

  1. 69.
    W. Dobbins, H. van Arb. Using the “slab” laser. The Fabricator 1990; DecemberGoogle Scholar
  2. 70.
    M. Hashish. Application of abrasive water jets to metal cutting. In: Proc. Conf. Non Traditional Machining, Ohio, IL, USA, December 1985Google Scholar
  3. 71.
    M. Hashish. Aspects of abrasive water jet performance optimisation. In: Proc. 8th Int. Sym. on Jet Cutting Tech. Durham, UK, 9–11 September 1986, pp 297–308Google Scholar
  4. 72.
    T.J. Labus, R. Pilarski. Fluid jet technology for industrial applications. In: Proc. Conf. Non Traditional Machining, Ohio, IL, USA, December 1985Google Scholar
  5. 73.
    M. Mawson. Mechanised plasma arc cutting. In: Proc. 1st Int. Conf. on Developments and Innovations for Improved Welding Production, Birmingham UK, September 1983. Welding Institute, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  6. 74.
    L. Ohlsson, J. Powell, A. Ivarsson, C. Magnusson. Comparison between abrasive water jet cutting and laser cutting. Journal of Laser Applications 3(3): 46–50Google Scholar
  7. 75.
    J. Powell, C. Wykes. A. comparison between CO2 laser cutting and competitive techniques (Nd:YAG Laser, Plasma Arc, Abrasive Water Jet and Oxygen Flame). In: W.M. Steen (ed.). Proc. 6th Int. Conf. on Lasers in Manufacturing, Birmingham, UK, May 1989, pp. 135–153Google Scholar
  8. 76.
    Industrial Processing Applications: Raytheon Nd:YAG Lasers. Raytheon Laser Centre, Burlington MA. 01803 USAGoogle Scholar
  9. 77.
    Welding cutting and related processes. In: Welding Handbook, Section 3A. A.L. Phillips (ed.). American Welding SocietyGoogle Scholar
  10. 78.
    Nd:YAG Laser Applications Data. Lumonics, Rugby, UKGoogle Scholar

Section 11.4 Miscellaneous References

  1. 79.
    R.W. Weast (ed.). Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 1st Student Edition, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, 1987 (ISBN 0-8493-0740-6)Google Scholar
  2. 80.
    R.M. Tennent (ed.). Science Data Book, Oliver and Boyd, Edinburgh, 1986 (ISBN 0-05-002487-6)Google Scholar
  3. 81.
    W. Bolton. Newnes Engineering Materials Pocket Book, Heinemann-Newnes, Oxford, 1990 (ISBN 0-434-90113)Google Scholar
  4. 82.
    I. Barin, Knacke. Thermochemical Properties of Inorganic Substances. (ISBN 3-514-00125-1)Google Scholar
  5. 83.
    G.F.C. Rogers, Y.R. Mayhew. Engineering Thermodynamics, Work and Heat Transfer, 3rd edn. Longman Scientific and Technical, Harlow, 1980 (ISBN 0-582-30500-4)Google Scholar

Section Individual papers

  1. 89.
    W. O’Neill, W.M. Steen. A three dimensional analysis of gas entrainment operating during the laser cutting process. Journal of Physics; D. Applied Physics v.28. Jan 14, 1995 pp 12–18CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 90.
    G. Caprino, V. Tagliaferri and L. Covelli. The Importance of material structure in the laser cutting of glass fibre reinforced plastic composites. Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology v 117, Jan 95 pp 133–8Google Scholar
  3. 91.
    H.O. Ketting, F.O. Olsen. Laser cutting with different laser sources. Welding in the World vol 37 No 6 Nov-Dec 1996 pp 288–292Google Scholar
  4. 92.
    T. Kristensen, F. Olsen. Investigation of cutting Al alloys with pulsed and c.w. C02 lasers. Welding in the world vol 33 No 5 Sept-Oct 94 pp 355–361Google Scholar
  5. 93.
    M.J. Hsu, P.A. Molian. Off axial gas jet assisted laser cutting of 6.35mm thick stainless steel. Journal of Engineering for Industry v 117 May 95 pp 272–6Google Scholar
  6. 94.
    L. Cai, P. Sheng. Analysis of laser evaporative and fusion cutting. Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering v118 May 96 pp 225–34Google Scholar
  7. 95.
    A.P. Hoult. Laser cutting and drilling of composites. Industrial Laser Review, August 95 pp 13–16Google Scholar
  8. 96.
    Norikazu Tabata, Shigenori Yagi, Masao Hishii. Present and Future of Lasers for fine cutting of Metal plate. Journal of Materials Processing Technology vol 62 (1996) pp 309–314CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 97.
    J. Powell, H. Haferkamp, F.W. Bach, D. Seebaum and A. Hampe. Filtration of the fumes generated by industrial CO2 laser cutting. Journal of Laser Applications (1996) 8. 241–246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 98.
    W. O’Neill, W.M. Steen. A review of theoretical models of Laser Cutting. Lasers in Engineering vol 3 1994 pp 281–299Google Scholar
  11. 99.
    W. O’Neill, J. Gabzdyl. The mass transfer behaviour of gas jets in laser cutting. Welding in the World v35 No 1 1995 pp 6–11Google Scholar
  12. 100.
    K.U. Preissig, D. Petring, G. Herziger. High Speed cutting of thin metal sheets. Proc. Europto series. Conf. Laser Materials processing. 5–8 April 1994 Vienna, Austria. S.P.I.E. vol 2207 pp 96–110Google Scholar
  13. 101.
    A.F.M. Kaplan. An analytical model of metal cutting with a laser beam. J. Applied Physics vol 79 No 5 pp 2198–2208 (’96)Google Scholar
  14. 102.
    A.F.H. Kaplan, O. Wangler and D. Schuocker. Laser cutting: fundamentals of the periodic striations and their on-line detection. Lasers in Engineering vol 6 pp 103–126 (’97)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Powell
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Unit HLaser Expertise Ltd.Dunkirk, NottinghamUK
  2. 2.Department of Materials ProcessingLulea University of TechnologyLuleaSweden
  3. 3.Engineering Academy of St. PetersburgRussia

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